成语故事
成语故事
澳门电子娱乐游艺失街亭、斩马谡是实
成语故事 2020-01-07 20:33

有人说诸葛亮的“失、空、斩”二虚一实,失街亭、斩马谡是实,空城计是把赵云的是附会到诸葛亮身上。赵云却有空营退曹兵之事,但关于诸葛亮空城计的事绝非附会而成,《蜀记…

有yǒu人rén说shuō诸zhū葛gě亮liàng的de“失shī、空kōng、斩zhǎn”二èr虚xū一yī实shí,失shī街jiē亭tíng、斩zhǎn马mǎ谡sù是shì实shí,空kōng城chéng计jì是shì把bǎ赵zhào云yún的de是shì附fù会huì到dào诸zhū葛gě亮liàng身shēn上shàng。赵zhào云yún却què有yǒu空kōng营yíng退tuì曹cáo兵bīng之zhī事shì,但dàn关guān于yú诸zhū葛gě亮liàng空kōng城chéng计jì的de事shì绝jué非fēi附fù会huì而ér成chéng,《蜀shǔ记jì》中zhōng有yǒu明míng确què的de记jì载zǎi,大dà意yì是shì说shuō:诸zhū葛gě亮liàng在zài屯tún驻zhù汉hàn中zhōng平píng阳yáng时shí,派pài魏wèi延yán率lǜ主zhǔ力lì部bù队duì东dōng征zhēng,只zhī有yǒu万wàn余yú人rén守shǒu城chéng。司sī马mǎ懿yì率lǜ20万wàn大dà军jun1迎yíng战zhàn,但dàn与yǔ魏wèi延yán大dà军jun1错cuò路lù而ér过guò,直zhí逼bī阳yáng平píng,离lí城chéng60里lǐ驻zhù营yíng哨shào探tàn,侦zhēn骑qí回huí报bào说shuō城chéng中zhōng兵bīng少shǎo力lì弱ruò。此cǐ时shí诸zhū葛gě亮liàng已yǐ知zhī魏wèi军jun1迫pò城chéng而ér来lái,要yào想xiǎng追zhuī随suí主zhǔ力lì已yǐ来lái不bú及jí,召zhào魏wèi延yán回huí军jun1夹jiá击jī也yě远yuǎn水shuǐ不bú解jiě近jìn火huǒ,军jun1中zhōng将jiāng士shì都dōu很hěn害hài怕pà,可kě是shì诸zhū葛gě亮liàng“意yì气qì自zì若ruò”,命mìng军jun1中zhōng“卧wò旗qí息xī鼓gǔ”,不bú得dé随suí便biàn出chū营yíng帐zhàng。后hòu来lái又yòu命mìng令lìng大dà开kāi四sì门mén,派pài人rén洒sǎ水shuǐ清qīng扫sǎo。司sī马mǎ懿yì率lǜ兵bīng到dào城chéng下xià,见jiàn状zhuàng心xīn存cún疑yí虑lǜ,怕pà有yǒu伏fú兵bīng,便biàn连lián忙máng退tuì军jun1。后hòu来lái司sī马mǎ懿yì知zhī道dào中zhōng了le空kōng城chéng计jì深shēn为wéi懊ào恼nǎo。对duì次cì事shì持chí否fǒu定dìng态tài度dù的de主zhǔ要yào是shì裴péi松sōng之zhī,他tā在zài注zhù三sān国guó时shí,指zhǐ出chū诸zhū葛gě亮liàng屯tún阳yáng平píng时shí司sī马mǎ懿yì尚shàng在zài荆jīng州zhōu,曹cáo真zhēn死sǐ后hòu二èr人rén才cái交jiāo战zhàn。那nà么me谁shuí能néng说shuō此cǐ役yì不bú会huì是shì在zài曹cáo真zhēn死sǐ后hòu发fā生shēng的de呢ne?《蜀shǔ记jì》中zhōng也yě没méi有yǒu说shuō此cǐ役yì发fā生shēng在zài曹cáo真zhēn死sǐ前qián。至zhì少shǎo《三sān国guó演yǎn义yì》或huò京jīng剧jù中zhōng的de“空kōng城chéng计jì”故gù事shì并bìng非fēi是shì文wén人rén门mén的de主zhǔ观guān杜dù撰zhuàn,而ér是shì几jǐ乎hū全quán部bù采cǎi用yòng了le《蜀shǔ记jì》中zhōng的de材cái料liào。但dàn此cǐ役yì绝jué非fēi发fā生shēng在zài一yī出chū祁qí山shān的de战zhàn事shì中zhōng,这zhè是shì肯kěn定dìng的de。但dàn也yě决jué非fēi如rú今jīn人rén所suǒ说shuō是shì文wén学xué家jiā门mén硬yìng把bǎ赵zhào云yún的de故gù事shì附fù会huì在zài孔kǒng明míng身shēn上shàng。